Category: Medicine

5 Surprising Facts About the History of Medicine

The world of medicine is a fascinating one and it’s constantly improving. It wasn’t that long ago that we thought that leeches would cure what ailed us and that smoking was good for our health. Because of this, there are a lot of weird and surprising facts about the world of medicine. Let’s take a look at some of those shocking stats which range from the hospitals we use to the fields we study, and even some soft drink science.

The First Physician

Many people know the name Imhotep from Ancient Egypt, but may only know that name from “The Mummy” film series. Not only was Imhotep a real person, but he is credited as being the first-ever recognized physician. While the tales of his life weren’t revealed until hundreds of years after his death. Imhotep was a physician on top of being a sculptor, carpenter, priest, and even a magician.

You can add physician to that list, though, as Imhotep was truly a man of all trades. It’s unclear exactly what his medicinal practices were like, but he was referred to as the God of medicine and healing. Some researchers have said that Imhotep treated a long list of ailments, though, which include appendicitis and gout. We do know that Imhotep performed surgeries, but his success rate is unclear.

Virology Is Not That Old

When we think of viruses, we think of plagues that have haunted humans throughout history, including smallpox, which wiped out millions of people for centuries, including hundreds of thousands per year in the 17th century. With the number of people in human history who have died because of a virus, you’d think that we would have learned about how they work far earlier than the end of the 19th century.

However, it wasn’t until Dmitri Ivanovsky used a filter underneath a microscope to look at a diseased tobacco plant. That was how virology came to be as scientists wanted to study Ivanovsky’s findings even further. What’s even more interesting is that vaccines actually predate virology, so people were aware that diseases could occur, but 

Pepsi Was a Medicine

While the end of the 19th century saw the invention of virology, there were also a ton of medicinal moments which ended up being blunders. Among them was the invention of what we now know as Pepsi, a refreshing cola that we deem to be poor for our health. When it was founded by Caleb Bradham in North Carolina in 1893, though, it was called Brad’s Drink and a cure for stomach ailments.

Bradham sold the drink at his drugstore with the promise of boosting energy and digestion. In fact, the name Pepsi-Cola (which was adopted in 1898, five years after its invention), was in reference to pepsin, an enzyme that promotes digestion. It didn’t take long until we found out that the sugary drink was only for taste, but not until the world was introduced to a delicious beverage.

The Oldest American Hospital is Still Standing

The first hospital on record was established in Baghdad, Iraq in 805 CE. You have to go nearly a millennia into the future to find the first hospital in the United States. Of course, America is a much younger area, and it wasn’t until colonial times that a hospital made its way to the area. That hospital was a two-story brick building in what is now City Hall Park in New York City in 1736 known as Bellevue Hospital.

While most of the hospitals that were built afterward were completely torn down, replaced, or went out of business, that hasn’t been the case for Bellevue. Officially known as NYC Health + Hospitals/Bellevue these days, Bellevue is still one of the best hospitals in New York City, but in more modern times has the stigma of being for the mentally ill due to a psychiatric ward, but it’s much more than that. The next oldest hospital still running in the United States is 15 years younger than Bellevue.

The History of Alcoholism Treatment

Throughout time, addiction is something that has made people suffer from the highest-ranking nobles to the most common man. Alcoholism is the most common form of addiction in the world, and it has been that way for centuries. Because of this, there have been many different attempts at finding a cure for alcoholism, but we still haven’t found one that’s 100 percent effective.

One of the oldest forms of treatment was the Amanita muscaria mushroom, which is a hallucinogenic that was used as the most common form of treatment for several millenniums. Treatments since then have included opium, lotus flowers, hashish, and even heroin. These days, most treatments come in the form of mental support, but there are some medicines which can help to reduce the symptoms of withdrawals.

5 Common Mistakes to Avoid While Preparing for Medical Entry Tests in Pakistan

Medical entry tests in Pakistan are considered one of the toughest exams, as they require not only knowledge but also the ability to manage time effectively. It is a challenging task to prepare for these exams, and even a small mistake can cost you a lot. Today we will discuss the five common mistakes that students make while preparing for medical entry tests in Pakistan and how to avoid them. 

Lack of Planning

The first and most common mistake that students make is a lack of planning. They often start their preparation without creating a study plan or setting a goal. It is essential to have a clear plan and a specific goal before starting the preparation. This will help you to stay focused and motivated. You should create a study plan and divide your time equally between different subjects. Also, set achievable goals that you can accomplish within a specific time frame.

Relying on a Single Source

Many students make the mistake of relying on a single source for their preparation. It could be a book, notes, or a website. Relying on a single source can be risky because it may not cover all the topics and concepts required for the exam. To avoid this mistake, you should use multiple sources for your preparation, including books, online resources, and study groups. This will help you to get a better understanding of the topics and increase your chances of success.

Neglecting Practice Tests

Practice tests are an essential part of the preparation for medical entry tests in Pakistan. Many students neglect practice tests, thinking that they are a waste of time. However, practice tests help you to identify your strengths and weaknesses and improve your time management skills. Practice tests also help you to get familiar with the exam pattern and format. Therefore, it is crucial to take practice tests regularly and analyze your performance to make necessary improvements. 

Lack of Consistency

Many students make the mistake of studying for long hours one day and skipping the next. This irregularity can disrupt your preparation and affect your performance in the exam. To avoid this mistake, you should create a daily routine and stick to it. Allocate a fixed number of hours each day for studying, taking breaks, and relaxing. 

Ignoring Health and Wellbeing

Preparing for medical entry tests in Pakistan can be stressful, and many students tend to ignore their health and well-being. They may skip meals, stay up late, and ignore physical activity. However, neglecting your health and well-being can affect your concentration and performance in the exam. To avoid this mistake, you should take care of your health and wellbeing by eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and engaging in physical activity. 

In conclusion, preparing for medical entry tests in Pakistan requires a lot of hard work and dedication. However, avoiding the common mistakes mentioned above can significantly increase your chances of success. Remember to plan, use multiple sources, take practice tests, be consistent, and take care of your health and well-being. With the right preparation and mindset, you can achieve your goals and excel in the medical field.

10 Tips to Ace Your Medical Entry Test in Pakistan

Medical entrance exams in Pakistan are highly competitive, with thousands of students vying for a limited number of spots in prestigious medical universities. If you’re planning to pursue a career in medicine, you must perform exceptionally well on your entry test to get admission into a reputable institution. Here are ten tips that can help you ace your medical entry test in Pakistan. 

Get a good night’s sleep 

One of the most important things you can do to prepare for your medical entry test is to get a good night’s sleep the night before the exam. Lack of sleep can cause fatigue, decrease concentration, and lead to poor performance. 

Practice past papers 

Practicing past papers is an excellent way to prepare for the medical entry test. By doing so, you can familiarize yourself with the exam’s format, understand the type of questions that will be asked, and learn time management skills. 

Manage your time wisely 

Time management is crucial for any exam, and the medical entry test is no exception. Make sure you allocate your time carefully and give yourself enough time to answer all the questions. 

Focus on your weaknesses 

Identify your weak areas and work on improving them. If you struggle with a particular subject or topic, spend extra time practicing it until you feel confident. 

Stay organized 

Keeping yourself organized can help you avoid unnecessary stress and anxiety during the exam. Make sure you have all the required documents, such as your admission ticket, identification card, and stationery, ready the night before. 

Read the instructions carefully 

Before starting the exam, read the instructions carefully. Understand the scoring system, the time limits, and the number of questions you need to answer. 

Stay calm 

Stay calm and composed during the exam. If you encounter a difficult question, don’t panic. Take a deep breath, relax, and move on to the next question. 

Don’t waste time 

Don’t waste time on questions that you don’t know. Instead, move on to the next question and come back to it later. 

Practice with a timer 

Practicing with a timer can help you manage your time effectively during the exam. Set a timer and try to complete each section within the allotted time. 

Stay focused 

Finally, stay focused during the exam. Avoid distractions, such as checking your phone or talking to other candidates. Stay focused on the task at hand and do your best. 

In conclusion, the medical entry test in Pakistan is a challenging exam, but with proper preparation and a focused mindset, you can ace it. Follow these tips to ensure that you’re adequately prepared for the exam and increase your chances of getting admission into a reputable medical institution.

How To Choose The Best Medical Services: 5 Tips

Health care is often an uncomfortable topic. In too many cases, by the time you’re doing research or looking for help, it means that there is already a problem.

It’s not fun, but it’s not all doom and gloom either. Modern medicine is advanced, and there are resources that can help you find the best medical services for whatever ails you.

Choosing the best services is a matter of managing costs, finding a good provider, securing the right facilities, and ensuring that you are pursuing the right course of treatment. The five tips below will help with each of these ideas.

Check Your Insurance

This is always the starting point for a reason. You need to know which services are covered. Similarly, you need to know which healthcare providers are covered by your insurance policy.

It’s possible to get services outside of your insurance coverage, but you’ll want to know that from the start so you can plan accordingly. 

Even more important is that most insurance providers will help you look at providers and medical services. With telemedicine tools and other digital resources, your insurance provider can help you research your options.

Compare Providers

When it comes to choosing the best medical services, that is going to depend on the healthcare provider more than anything else. Your doctor is going to recommend services in the first place. And, when you need a specific service, you’re really comparing the doctors who provide those services more than the services themselves.

Here’s an example. If you need a knee replacement, then that’s already a decision that you made with the help of your doctor. Finding the best knee replacement is really about finding the best doctor for the job.

Fortunately, there are tools to help you compare providers. and Medicare Care Compare can both help with this.

Compare Facilities

Depending on the service, the facilities might matter more than the specific healthcare provider. This is especially true for any type of physical therapy or rehabilitation.

In this case, you want tools that help you compare healthcare facilities, and there are powerful resources for this too.

Get Another Opinion

When it comes to directly comparing medical service options, things are a bit trickier. Traditionally, a doctor will recommend healthcare services to you after diagnosing an issue. It’s pretty normal to just follow that advice.

But, getting a second opinion is a staple in the medical industry for a reason. If you’re really unsure as to the best service options for your situation, then ask another doctor. And another. It’s ok to seek additional opinions until you are convinced of the best course of action.

From there, it’s a simple matter of following through.

Look at the Cost

It’s unfortunate, but costs do matter. Many times, the very best medical services are simply unaffordable. You might instead be looking for the best services that you can get according to your financial situation.

Keep in mind that you don’t necessarily have to pay for medical services out of pocket, even if your insurance isn’t covering a specific service (or you don’t have insurance). There are resources that can help you

So, start by getting a clear understanding of the costs of your options (Healthcare Blue Book is great for this). Then, look into funding support so that you can afford the best services that are available to you.