Gardening has numerous benefits and is a hobby that many people enjoy. It can promote relaxation, reduce stress, and improve mental and physical health. However, the problem for many is the lack of space to create their own garden. The solution to this is vertical gardening. Vertical gardening allows anyone to grow plants in smaller spaces, leading to a beautiful and bountiful garden.
What is Trellising?
Trellising is the practice of using a structure to support plants that are trained to grow in a certain direction. Trellising provides a vertical support structure that helps plants to grow upwards instead of outwards. This technique also creates a tidy and neat garden design while improving air circulation around plants.
There are different types of trellising that can be used, from simple vertical stakes for small plants to more complex structures for vines and climbers. This technique is used when growing vegetables, fruits, flowers, and decorative plants, to maximize space and yield.
Choosing the Right Plants for Your Garden
Before commencing with trellising, the first step involves choosing the right plants for your vertical garden. Several factors must be considered while choosing the plants, including the type of plant, available space, and the trellis structure.
When selecting plants for trellising, it is essential to consider their growth habits. Some tall plants naturally tend to grow upwards and require a sturdy trellis structure to support them. Vines and climbers such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and melons, are popular plants for trellising. Flowers such as roses and wisteria are perfect for trellising due to their natural climbing tendency.
Before planting, consider the size of your garden space, climate, and sun exposure. Some plants require more sunlight while others thrive in partial or full shade. Make sure your garden receives the recommended amount of sunlight for the plants selected.
Building a Vertical Garden
The next step is to determine the type of garden structure to use. There are different types of trellis structures that can be used based on the plants selected, the garden space, and the type of support needed.
Gardeners can choose between store-bought trellises or building their own structure using materials such as bamboo, steel wires, or any other type of suitable fencing. Store-bought trellises are available in various sizes and shapes and can easily be installed. However, building your own structure can ensure specific requirements are met for your garden space.
It is essential that the structure is sturdy enough to support the weight of the plants and withstand the elements. Careful planning and consideration of plant growth and space requirements are necessary to ensure optimal results.
How to Trellis Your Plants
After the garden structure is created, the next step is to trellis the plants. Different types of supports can be used based on the plant’s size and growth habits. Some commonly used trellis supports include traditional metal stakes, wooden trellises, and fencing.
Once the structure is installed, plants can be tied and trained to grow vertically along the support system. This will result in plants growing upwards rather than outwards, thus maximizing the living space.
It is important to use specific tying techniques to ensure that the plants are secure and do not slide or come undone, especially during harsh weather conditions.
Vertical Garden Maintenance and Care
Vertical gardens require the same level of care and management as regular gardens. Ongoing maintenance is essential to ensure that plants remain healthy and tidy. Regular watering, fertilizing, and pruning are necessary to promote healthy growth.
Pests, such as aphids, spiders, mites, and caterpillars, can destroy crops in a short time. Thus it is essential to monitor for pests and treat them quickly to prevent damage to plants.
Regular harvest is essential to promote growth and improve plant health. Additionally, it provides fresh produce for cooking, consuming, and preserving.